VR Tour For Std. 7 Ch. 10. Respiration in Organisms
What's Included in Virtual tour of this chapter
Breathing can be defined as a process in which organisms, with the help of their respiratory organs, take in the oxygen-rich air present in the surroundings and release out air that contains a high amount of carbon dioxide in it. The primary organs of the respiratory system are the lungs, which carry out the exchange of gases as we breathe. In humans, anaerobic respiration takes place when there is a lack of oxygen whereas aerobic respiration takes place when there is oxygen. We will also understand the respiratory system of cockroaches, earthworms, and fish.
Virtual tour 1: The breathing rate
Do you know how many times a human breathes in a minute? Well, it depends on different situations. Breathing rate is the number of breaths per minute. An average adult human being can breathe 15 to 18 times in a minute. While exercising, this rate can rise up to 25 breaths per minute.
Virtual tour 2: The breathing process in human
Do you know how living organisms breathe? You guessed it right, from the nose. But, the nose is just the first part. Different organs play a role when we breathe. When we inhale, the chest expands and when we exhale, the chest contracts.
Virtual tour 3: Aerobic respiration
Respiration is defined as the biochemical process by which the digested food is oxidized to liberate the energy. In this process, oxygen is utilized and carbon-dioxide is released. Aerobic respiration occurs in the presence of Oxygen. The food is oxidized in the presence of oxygen in the cell. This process produces CO2 and water along with energy.
Virtual tour 4: Anaerobic respiration with less oxygen
Respiration in the absence of oxygen is known as anaerobic respiration. It is also known as fermentation. It is the ability of an organism to produce energy without using oxygen. Also when we perform physically exhausting work, our muscle cells don’t have enough oxygen and they respire with anaerobic respiration and produce lactic acid.
Virtual tour 5: Anaerobic respiration in yeast
We will understand in this virtual tour activity anaerobic respiration in yeast. Yeast doesn’t need oxygen to derive energy. In the absence of oxygen, food is oxidized anaerobically without utilizing oxygen. Anaerobic respiration is also known as fermentation because organic compounds are also produced as byproducts.
Virtual tour 6: Breathing in cockroach and earthworm
Cockroaches breathe through a system of tubes attached to their spiracles. And the earthworms breathe through their skin. In this virtual tour activity, we will understand the respiration in the Cockroach and earthworm.
Virtual tour 7: Breathing in fish
Fish have a very special respiratory organ, called Gills, which are projections of the skin. Gills are well supplied with blood vessels for the exchange of gases. Fish take water through the mouth when they inhale and release water through gills as they exhale. We will understand the different parts involved in the breathing of fish.
Virtual tour 8: Respiration in plants.
Now, let’s learn about respiration in plants. Plant cells release carbon dioxide in respiration. During the daytime, along with respiration photosynthesis also takes place. So, mainly oxygen is released by the plant during the day. But at night only respiration takes place and so mainly carbon dioxide is released during the night.